Acid Gas Removal

Acid Gas Removal from Natural Gas
Acid Gas Removal

Unprocessed natural gas contains inert gases such as carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, and nitrogen. These must be removed prior to use or sale of the natural gas to meet standards of less than 4% inert gases. Acid gases such as carbon dioxide (CO2) and hydrogen sulfide (H2S) are corrosive when water molecules are present and represent the major source of maintenance problems in pipelines. Acid gas removal plants are essential to natural gas processing and transportation and are one of the major parts of natural gas processing equipment manufactured.

Acid gas removal using amine plants is the most widely accepted process, but other types of systems are also being used.

* Amine sweetening employs a high-pressure absorber contactor, low-pressure stripper, high-pressure pumps, cross heat exchangers, reboilers, amine reclaimers, etc.

MEA, DEA, DGA, MDEA and mixed amines comprise the major ethanolamines that are used. Each of the ethanolamines has unique process envelopes of pressure, temperature and concentration of acid gas. Each have their own energy efficiencies. There are primary, secondary, and tertiary amines that have special acid gas selectivity and energy requirements. Each of the amines has unique corrosion tendencies. Hydrogen sulfide removal in many cases requires selective removal and tertiary amines such as MDEA.  Amine-treating equipment can require expensive metallurgy to ensure the longevity of the equipment.

* Molecular sieves use certain selectively designed zeolites to capture CO2. The adsorption rate is very small. In some cases pressure or vacuum swing adsorption is the preferred regeneration method for the molecular sieve.

* Membrane systems have been used for bulk removal of CO2, which has a relative permeability of 10-14 times that of methane. To achieve less than 2% CO2 in the sales gas it is necessary to stage and recycle gas. This can result in high operating costs and excessive capital due to the recompression requirement. The optimal process may be a combination of an amine system and membrane system. Membranes definitely have a legitimate use in bulk CO2 removal and Sep-Pro can quote you a system.

Sep-Pro Systems designs and manufactures amine plants. Sep-Pro, being an ASME code facility, builds its own contactor and stripper columns, heat exchangers and fin fans. Sep-Pro designs the process as well. We also build our own electrical and PLC systems.

Our pricing and delivery on outright purchase are extremely competitive. We can also provide leasing if this is the preferred option for you.

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